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Thursday, July 23, 2020 | History

6 edition of Physiological adaptations; desert and mountain. found in the catalog.

Physiological adaptations; desert and mountain.

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  • 37 Currently reading

Published by Academic Press in New York .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Adaptation (Physiology) -- Congresses,
  • Heat -- Physiological effect -- Congresses,
  • Altitude, Influence of -- Congresses

  • Edition Notes

    StatementEdited by Mohamed K. Yousef, Steven M. Horvath [and] Robert W. Bullard.
    SeriesEnvironmental sciences
    ContributionsYousef, Mohamed K., joint author., Horvath, Steven M., joint author., Bullard, Robert W., 1929-1971, joint author.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQP82 .P47 1972
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxiv, 258 p.
    Number of Pages258
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL5710063M
    ISBN 100127746501
    LC Control Number70187240

    Section 1 Objectives o C h il d renwu st am p o. o C h il d re nwb a tox py ms. o C hil d r en wb a tox pf y sm v different animals. Animal Adaptations -- Vocabulary Adaptation A body part, body covering, or behavior that helps an animal survive in its environment. This fascinating phenomenon is investigated by Prof. A. Allan Degen in his book. The majority of small desert mammals are rodents, but shrews of several grams and small foxes of 1 kg are also present. Their survival is due mainly to behavioural adaptations and habitat selection, however, physiological adaptations also contribute to the success.

    Desert animals--like reptiles, certain birds and mammals--have evolved behavioral and physiological mechanisms to solve the heat and water problems. To avoid overwhelming heat, for example, the Phainopepla--a glossy little dessert black bird--breeds during the cooler spring and abandons the desert for cooler areas at higher elevations or along. It has several physiological adaptations well suited for arid desert environments, like a specialized nasal gland that allows it to remove excess salt from the water it consumes [10]. This is a very important adaptation for the roadrunner to have because deserts are usually very saline environments due to their arid climate schemes [14].Missing: book.

    Animals living in mountains have evolved morphological, behavioural, and physiological adaptations to survive under extreme conditions. In Les we will focus on how several species deal with the cold and conclude with a peek at the adaptations of fish living in mountain . Climatic adaptation, in physical anthropology, the genetic adaptation of human beings to different environmental conditions. Physical adaptations in human beings are seen in response to extreme cold, humid heat, desert conditions, and high altitudes.. Cold adaptation is of three types: adaptation to extreme cold, moderate cold, and night cold. Extreme cold favours short, round persons with.


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Physiological adaptations; desert and mountain Download PDF EPUB FB2

Physiological Adaptations: Desert and Mountain discusses the bodily modifications of different animals accordingly to desert and mountain environments.

Covered in this book are the basic concepts of physiological adaptations; biophysical principles of acclimization to heat; partitional calorimetry in the desert; the mechanism of sweat in relation to heat; the effects of heat on the cardiovascular and. Physiological Adaptations: Desert and Mountain discusses the bodily modifications of different animals accordingly to desert and mountain environments.

Covered in this book are the basic concepts of physiological adaptations; biophysical principles of acclimization to heat; partitional calorimetry in the desert; the mechanism of sweat in relation to heat; the effects of heat on the Book Edition: 1. Some general concepts of physiological adaptations / E.F.

Adolph --Biophysical principles of acclimatization to heat / H.S. Belding --Partitional calorimetry in the desert / A. Pharo Gagge --Sweat mechanisms in heat / F.N. Craig --Some comments on low temperatures in the desert and at high altitudes / L.D.

Carlson --Cardiovascular and respiratory reactions to heat / S. Robinson --Some. Environmental Physiology. (Book Reviews: Physiological Adaptations. Desert and Mountain. A symposium, Las Vegas, Nev., April )Author: Eugene C. Crawford. Some of the most interesting adaptations of plants to their environments are shown by desert plants.

Geophytes and other plants with special storage organs are considered to be pre-adapted to desert conditions, while trees and shrubs with deep root systems are able to exploit deep aquifers. Because saline soils are common in deserts, there are many halophytes, which are plants that adapt.

The book series Adaptations of Desert Organisms covers the different strategies of plants and animals for coping with the harsh conditions in arid or semi-arid environments.

It deals with behavioural, anatomical, morphological and physiological adaptations to heat and lack of water. All volumes are monographs written by one or several renowned experts in the field.

Try the new Google Books. Check out the new look and enjoy easier access to your favorite features. Try it now. The Desert Camel: Comparative Physiological Adaptation. Yagil. Karger, - Medical - pages. 0 Reviews. Comparative Physiological Adaptation Volume 5 of Comparative animal nutrition, ISSN Author: R.

Yagil. The word desert denotes areas characterised by high temperatures and low irregular precipitation, resulting in extensive drought and scarcity of vegetation.

Animals living in such an environment are faced with two major physiological problems: obtaining sufficient water for the needs of the body, and keeping the body temperature at a level. Physiological adaptations of plants Posted on J by Rupert Foxton-Smythe • 0 Comments So far, only structural changes have been mentioned, and at the beginning of ecological studies this was all that was considered, early ecologists merely speculating on the significance of these morphological adaptations.

The physiological adaptations of desert-dwelling mammals have been much studied (Degen et al., ;Geiser, ; Schwimmer & Haim, ), but the behavioral responses of these mammals to arid. Some of the most interesting adaptations of plants to their environments are shown by desert plants.

One need only think of the cacti of North and Central America, Welwitschia mirabilis of the Namib, and the Mesembryanthemaceae of the Karoo to realise that deserts contain a uniquely-adapted flora. Geophytes and other plants with special storage organs may be considered to be pre-adapted to.

Description: Physiological Adaptations: Desert and Mountain discusses the bodily modifications of different animals accordingly to desert and mountain environments.

Covered in this book are the basic concepts of physiological adaptations; biophysical principles of acclimization to heat; partitional calorimetry in the desert; the mechanism of sweat in relation to heat; the effects of heat on the.

The capacity of the dromedary to live under desert conditions and to survive in the incredibly hard environment of the Sahara is due to its biological and physiological particularities. Physiological adaptations of small mammals to desert ecosystems Hagit SCHWIMMER and Abraham HAIM Department of Biology, The University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel Abstract Adaptations of animals to the xeric environment have been studied in various taxonomic groups and across several deserts.

Treatment of physiological adaptation in desert birds in current textbooks is short or absent, a result that apparently stems from early work by Bartholomew and colleagues on desert birds of the southwestern United States, a region that is relatively young on an evolutionary time scale (Bartholomew and CadeDawson and Bartholomew ).

After almost a decade of study, they concluded that. Physiological Ecology of North American Desert Plants (Adaptations of Desert Organisms) Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. Edition by Stanley D. Smith (Author) › Visit Amazon's Stanley D.

Smith Page. Find all the books, read about the author, and more. See search. These physiological responses are suited to animals that experience routinely intermittent availability of water (Silanikove, ). The capacity of desert goats to secrete large amount of saliva allows them to achieve an efficient retention of water following rehydration.

General discussion Digestive adaptation. Adaptation is an observable fact of life accepted by philosophers and natural historians from ancient times, independently of their views on evolution, but their explanations differed.

Empedocles did not believe that adaptation required a final cause (a purpose), but thought that it "came about naturally, since such things survived." Aristotle did believe in final causes, but assumed that. Physiological adaptations of desert animals are no less interesting.

Some of them, for example the desert lizard, Sauromalus obesus, have the mechanism for selective cooling of blood to the brain. In some African gazelles and ungulates the brain is supplied with cool blood. Adaptations help desert animals to acquire and retain water, and to regulate body temperatures, which helps them to survive in the harsh conditions of the desert.

Plant and animal bodies are made up of a number of complex biological processes which take place within a narrow range of temperatures.

After a brief survey of biotopic and vegetational features and an account of the main groups of desert animals, the most unusual patterns of the behaviour of the xerophilous fauna are examined. The importance of the thermohygric regulation and self-protective and locomotor mechanisms to the.The adult mountain lion is the fourth largest of cat species, capable of standing two and a half feet at the shoulders.

As a slender and very agile member of the cat family, mountain lions are built to hunt and kill. They also possess a wide variety of physical adaptations that increases their efficiency during hunting. The Desert Camel: Comparative Physiological Adaptation (Comparative Animal Nutrition, Vol.

5) Hardcover – Octo by R. Yagil (Author), S.B. Combs (Series Editor) See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editionsAuthor: R. Yagil.